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ESV — Every Day in the Word: Day 243
243
Old Testament
Job 34-36

New Testament
2 Corinthians 4:1-12

Psalm
Psalm 44:1-8

Proverb
Proverbs 22:10-12

Elihu Asserts God's Justice

34 Then Elihu answered and said:

“Hear my words, you wise men,

and give ear to me, you who know;

for gthe ear tests words

as the palate tastes food.

Let us choose hwhat is right;

let us know among ourselves what is good.

For Job has said, ‘I am iin the right,

and jGod has taken away my right;

in spite of my right I am counted a liar;

my wound is incurable, though I am kwithout transgression.’

What man is like Job,

who ldrinks up scoffing like water,

who travels in company with evildoers

and walks mwith wicked men?

For nhe has said, ‘It profits a man nothing

that he should take delight in God.’

10  “Therefore, hear me, you men of understanding:

far be it from God that he should odo wickedness,

and from the Almighty that he should do wrong.

11  For according to pthe work of a man he will repay him,

and qaccording to his ways he will make it befall him.

12  Of a truth, God will not do wickedly,

and rthe Almighty will not pervert justice.

13  Who gave him charge over the earth,

and who slaid on him1 the whole world?

14  If he should tset his heart to it

and ugather to himself his vspirit and his breath,

15  all flesh would perish together,

and man would wreturn to dust.

16  “If you have understanding, hear this;

listen to what I say.

17  xShall one who hates justice govern?

Will you condemn him who is righteous and mighty,

18  who ysays to a king, ‘Worthless one,’

and to nobles, ‘Wicked man,’

19  who zshows no partiality to princes,

nor regards the rich amore than the poor,

for bthey are all the work of his hands?

20  In a moment cthey die;

at dmidnight the people are shaken and pass away,

and the mighty are taken away by eno human hand.

21  “For his eyes are on fthe ways of a man,

and he sees all his fsteps.

22  There is no ggloom or hdeep darkness

where evildoers may hide themselves.

23  For God2 has no need to consider a man further,

that he should go before God in ijudgment.

24  He jshatters the mighty without investigation

and sets lothers in their place.

25  Thus, knowing their works,

he moverturns them in the night, and they are crushed.

26  He strikes them for their wickedness

in a place for all to see,

27  because they turned aside from nfollowing him

and had no regard for any of his ways,

28  so that they ocaused the cry of the poor to come to him,

and he pheard the cry of the afflicted—

29  When he is quiet, who can condemn?

When he hides his face, who can behold him,

whether it be a nation or a man?—

30  that a godless man should not reign,

that he should not ensnare the people.

31  “For has anyone said to God,

‘I have borne punishment; I will not offend any more;

32  rteach me what I do not see;

if I have done iniquity, I will do it no more’?

33  Will he then make repayment to suit you,

because you reject it?

For you must choose, and not I;

therefore sdeclare what you know.3

34  Men of understanding will say to me,

and the wise man who hears me will say:

35  ‘Job tspeaks without knowledge;

his words are without insight.’

36  Would that Job were tried to the end,

because he answers like wicked men.

37  For he adds rebellion to his sin;

he uclaps his hands among us

and multiplies his words against God.”

Elihu Condemns Job

35 And Elihu answered and said:

“Do you think this to be just?

Do you say, v‘It is my right before God,’

that you ask, w‘What advantage have I?

How am I better off than if I had sinned?’

I will answer you

and xyour friends with you.

yLook at the heavens, and see;

and behold the clouds, which are higher than you.

If you have sinned, zwhat do you accomplish against him?

And if your transgressions are multiplied, what do you do to him?

aIf you are righteous, what do you give to him?

Or what does he receive from your hand?

Your wickedness concerns a man like yourself,

and your righteousness ba son of man.

“Because of the multitude of coppressions people dcry out;

they call for help because of the arm of ethe mighty.4

10  But none says, ‘Where is God my fMaker,

who gives gsongs in the night,

11  who teaches us hmore than the beasts of the earth

and makes us wiser than the birds of the heavens?’

12  There they icry out, but he does not answer,

because of the pride of evil men.

13  Surely God does not hear an empty cry,

nor does the Almighty regard it.

14  How much less when you say that you jdo not see him,

that the case is before him, and you are kwaiting for him!

15  And now, because lhis anger does not punish,

and he does not take much note of transgression,5

16  Job opens his mouth in empty talk;

he mmultiplies words nwithout knowledge.”

Elihu Extols God's Greatness

36 And Elihu continued, and said:

“Bear with me a little, and I will show you,

for I have yet something to say on God's behalf.

I will get my knowledge from oafar

and ascribe prighteousness to my qMaker.

For truly my words are not false;

one who is rperfect in knowledge is with you.

“Behold, God is mighty, and sdoes not despise any;

he is tmighty in strength of understanding.

He does not keep the wicked alive,

but gives uthe afflicted their right.

He does not withdraw his veyes from the righteous,

but with wkings on the throne

he sets them forever, and they are xexalted.

And if they are ybound in chains

and caught in the cords of affliction,

then he declares to them their work

and their transgressions, that they are zbehaving arrogantly.

10  He aopens their ears to instruction

and commands that they breturn from iniquity.

11  cIf they listen and serve him,

they dcomplete their days in prosperity,

and their years in pleasantness.

12  But if they do not listen, they eperish by the sword

and die fwithout knowledge.

13  “The ggodless in heart cherish anger;

they do not cry for help when he hbinds them.

14  They idie in youth,

and their life ends among the cult prostitutes.

15  He delivers jthe afflicted by their affliction

and kopens their ear by adversity.

16  He also allured you out of distress

into la broad place where there was no cramping,

and what was set on your mtable was full of nfatness.

17  “But you are full of the judgment on the wicked;

judgment and justice seize you.

18  Beware lest wrath entice you into scoffing,

and let not the greatness of othe ransom turn you aside.

19  Will your pcry for help avail to keep you from distress,

or all the force of your strength?

20  Do not long for qthe night,

when peoples vanish rin their place.

21  Take care; sdo not turn to iniquity,

for this you have chosen rather than affliction.

22  Behold, God is exalted in his power;

who is ta teacher like him?

23  Who has uprescribed for him his way,

or who can say, v‘You have done wrong’?

24  “Remember to wextol his work,

of which men have xsung.

25  All mankind has looked on it;

man beholds it from afar.

26  Behold, God is great, and we yknow him not;

the number of his zyears is unsearchable.

27  For he draws up the drops of water;

they distill his amist in brain,

28  which cthe skies pour down

and drop on mankind abundantly.

29  Can anyone understand dthe spreading of the clouds,

the thunderings of his epavilion?

30  Behold, he scatters his lightning about him

and covers the roots of the sea.

31  For by these he fjudges peoples;

he gives gfood in abundance.

32  He covers his hhands with the lightning

and commands it to strike the mark.

33  Its crashing declares his presence;6

the cattle also declare that he rises.

Footnotes

[1] 34:13 Hebrew lacks on him
[2] 34:23 Hebrew he
[3] 34:33 The meaning of the Hebrew in verses 29–33 is uncertain
[4] 35:9 Or the many
[5] 35:15 Theodotion, Symmachus (compare Vulgate); the meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain
[6] 36:33 Hebrew declares concerning him


The Light of the Gospel

Therefore, having xthis ministry yby the mercy of God,1 we do not lose heart. But we have renounced zdisgraceful, underhanded ways. We refuse to practice2 cunning or ato tamper with God's word, but bby the open statement of the truth cwe would commend ourselves to everyone's conscience in the sight of God. And even dif our gospel is veiled, eit is veiled to fthose who are perishing. In their case gthe god of this world dhas blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing hthe light of ithe gospel of the glory of Christ, jwho is the image of God. For what kwe proclaim is not ourselves, but Jesus Christ as Lord, with lourselves as your servants3 for Jesus' sake. For God, who said, m“Let light shine out of darkness,” nhas shone in our hearts to give othe light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Treasure in Jars of Clay

But we have this treasure in pjars of clay, qto show that the surpassing power belongs to God and not to us. We are rafflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not driven to despair; persecuted, but snot forsaken; tstruck down, but not destroyed; 10 ualways carrying in the body the death of Jesus, vso that the life of Jesus may also be manifested in our bodies. 11 For we who live are always being given over to death for Jesus' sake, so that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our mortal flesh. 12 So wdeath is at work in us, but life in you.

Footnotes

[1] 4:1 Greek having this ministry as we have received mercy
[2] 4:2 Greek to walk in
[3] 4:5 Or slaves (for the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface)


Come to Our Help

To the choirmaster. cA Maskil1 of the Sons of Korah.

44  O God, we have heard with our ears,

dour fathers have told us,

what deeds you performed in their days,

ein the days of old:

you with your own hand fdrove out the nations,

but gthem you planted;

you afflicted the peoples,

but hthem you set free;

for not iby their own sword did they win the land,

nor did their own arm save them,

but your right hand and your arm,

and jthe light of your face,

kfor you delighted in them.

lYou are my King, O God;

mordain salvation for Jacob!

Through you we npush down our foes;

through your name we otread down those who rise up against us.

For not in pmy bow do I trust,

nor can my sword save me.

But you have saved us from our foes

and have qput to shame those who hate us.

rIn God we have boasted continually,

and we will give thanks to your name forever. Selah

Footnotes

[1] 44:1 Probably a musical or liturgical term


10  cDrive out a scoffer, dand strife will go out,

and equarreling and abuse will cease.

11  He who floves purity of heart,

and whose gspeech is gracious, hwill have the king as his friend.

12  The eyes of the Lord keep watch over knowledge,

but he ioverthrows the words of the traitor.