48 After this, Joseph was told, “Behold, your father is ill.” So he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. 2 And it was told to Jacob, “Your son Joseph has come to you.” Then Israel summoned his strength and sat up in bed. 3 And Jacob said to Joseph, z“God Almighty1 appeared to me at aLuz in the land of Canaan and blessed me, 4 and said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will make of you a company of peoples and will give this land to your offspring after you bfor an everlasting possession.’ 5 And now your ctwo sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, dare mine; Ephraim and Manasseh shall be mine, as Reuben and Simeon are. 6 And the children that you fathered after them shall be yours. They shall be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance. 7 As for me, when I came from Paddan, to my sorrow eRachel died in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was still some distance2 to go to Ephrath, and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).”
8 When Israel saw Joseph's sons, he said, “Who are these?” 9 Joseph said to his father, f“They are my sons, whom God has given me here.” And he said, “Bring them to me, please, that gI may bless them.” 10 Now hthe eyes of Israel were dim with age, so that he could not see. So Joseph brought them near him, iand he kissed them and embraced them. 11 And Israel said to Joseph, j“I never expected to see your face; and behold, God has let me see your offspring also.” 12 Then Joseph removed them from his knees, and he bowed himself with his face to the earth. 13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel's left hand, and Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel's right hand, and brought them near him. 14 kAnd Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it on the head of Ephraim, who was the younger, and his left hand on the head of Manasseh, lcrossing his hands (for Manasseh was the firstborn). 15 And he blessed Joseph and said,
“The God mbefore whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,
and in them let pmy name be carried on, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac;
17 When Joseph saw that his father rlaid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him, and he took his father's hand to move it from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head. 18 And Joseph said to his father, “Not this way, my father; since this one is the firstborn, put your right hand on his head.” 19 But his father refused and said, r“I know, my son, I know. He also shall become a people, and he also shall be great. Nevertheless, shis younger brother shall be greater than he, and his offspring shall become a multitude4 of nations.” 20 So he blessed them that day, saying,
t‘God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh.’”
Thus he put Ephraim before Manasseh. 21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am about to die, but uGod will be with you and will bring you again to the land of your fathers. 22 Moreover, I have given to vyou rather than to your brothers one mountain slope5 that I took from the hand of the Amorites with my sword and with my bow.”
3 “Reuben, you are ymy firstborn,
my might, and the zfirstfruits of my strength,
because you awent up to your father's bed;
5 b“Simeon and Levi are brothers;
weapons cof violence are their swords.
and in their willfulness they fhamstrung oxen.
I will gdivide them in Jacob
8 “Judah, hyour brothers shall praise you;
iyour hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
jyour father's sons shall bow down before you.
9 Judah is ka lion's cub;
lHe stooped down; he crouched as a lion
10 The mscepter shall not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler's staff nfrom between his feet,
until tribute comes to him;6
12 His oeyes are darker than wine,
14 r“Issachar is a strong donkey,
crouching between the sheepfolds.7
and sbecame a servant at forced labor.
17 Dan vshall be a serpent in the way,
18 I wwait for your salvation, O Lord.
20 z“Asher's food shall be rich,
21 a“Naphtali is a doe let loose
that bears beautiful fawns.9
22 “Joseph is ba fruitful bough,
his branches run over the wall.10
23 The archers cbitterly attacked him,
24 yet dhis bow remained unmoved;
his arms11 were made agile
by the hands of the eMighty One of Jacob
25 hby the God of your father who will help you,
May they be lon the head of Joseph,
27 m“Benjamin is a ravenous wolf,
and at evening ndividing the spoil.”
28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel. This is what their father said to them as he blessed them, blessing each with the blessing suitable to him. 29 Then he commanded them and said to them, “I am to be ogathered to my people; pbury me with my fathers qin the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 in the cave that is in the field at Machpelah, to the east of Mamre, in the land of Canaan, rwhich Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite to possess as a burying place. 31 sThere they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife. There tthey buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah—32 the field and the cave that is in it were bought from the Hittites.” 33 When Jacob finished commanding his sons, he drew up his feet into the bed and breathed his last and uwas gathered to his people.
50 Then Joseph vfell on his father's face and wept over him and kissed him. 2 And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to wembalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel. 3 Forty days were required for it, for that is how many are required for embalming. And the Egyptians xwept for him seventy days.
4 And when the days of weeping for him were past, Joseph spoke to the household of Pharaoh, saying, y“If now I have found favor in your eyes, please speak in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, 5 ‘My father made me swear, saying, “I am about to die: in my tomb zthat I hewed out for myself in the land of Canaan, there shall you bury me.” Now therefore, let me please go up and bury my father. Then I will return.’” 6 And Pharaoh answered, “Go up, and bury your father, as he made you swear.” 7 So Joseph went up to bury his father. With him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his household, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, 8 as well as all the household of Joseph, his brothers, and his father's household. Only their children, their flocks, and their herds were left ain the land of Goshen. 9 And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen. It was a very great company. 10 When they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, bthey lamented there with a very great and grievous lamentation, and he cmade a mourning for his father seven days. 11 When the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning on the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a grievous mourning by the Egyptians.” Therefore the place was named Abel-mizraim;15 it is beyond the Jordan. 12 Thus his sons did for him as he had commanded them, 13 for dhis sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field at Machpelah, to the east of Mamre, which Abraham ebought with the field from Ephron the Hittite to possess as a burying place. 14 After he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt with his brothers and all who had gone up with him to bury his father.
15 When Joseph's brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “It may be that Joseph will hate us and pay us back for all the evil that we did to him.” 16 So they sent a message to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave this command before he died: 17 ‘Say to Joseph, “Please forgive the transgression of your brothers and their sin, because they did evil to you.”’ And now, please forgive the transgression of the servants of fthe God of your father.” Joseph wept when they spoke to him. 18 His brothers also came and gfell down before him and said, “Behold, we are your servants.” 19 But Joseph said to them, “Do not fear, for ham I in the place of God? 20 As for you, you meant evil against me, but iGod meant it for good, to bring it about that many people16 should be kept alive, as they are today. 21 So do not fear; jI will provide for you and your little ones.” Thus he comforted them and spoke kindly to them.
22 So Joseph remained in Egypt, he and his father's house. Joseph lived 110 years. 23 And Joseph saw Ephraim's children kof the third generation. The lchildren also of Machir the son of Manasseh were mcounted as Joseph's own.17 24 And Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die, but nGod will visit you and bring you up out of this land to the land othat he swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” 25 Then pJoseph made the sons of Israel swear, saying, “God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.” 26 So Joseph died, being 110 years old. They qembalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.
 48:3 Hebrew El Shaddai
 48:7 Or about two hours' distance
 48:16 Or let them be like fish for multitude
 48:19 Hebrew fullness
 48:22 Or one portion of the land; Hebrew shekem, which sounds like the town and district called Shechem
 49:10 By a slight revocalization; a slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint, Syriac, Targum) until he comes to whom it belongs; Hebrew until Shiloh comes, or until he comes to Shiloh
 49:14 Or between its saddlebags
 49:19 Gad sounds like the Hebrew for raiders and raid
 49:21 Or he gives beautiful words, or that bears fawns of the fold
 49:22 Or Joseph is a wild donkey, a wild donkey beside a spring, his wild colts beside the wall
 49:24 Hebrew the arms of his hands
 49:24 Or by the name of the Shepherd
 49:25 Hebrew Shaddai
 49:26 A slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint) the blessings of the eternal mountains, the bounties of the everlasting hills
 50:11 Abel-mizraim means mourning (or meadow) of Egypt
 50:20 Or a numerous people
 50:23 Hebrew were born on Joseph's knees