3 “Reuben, you are ymy firstborn,
my might, and the zfirstfruits of my strength,
because you awent up to your father's bed;
5 b“Simeon and Levi are brothers;
weapons cof violence are their swords.
and in their willfulness they fhamstrung oxen.
I will gdivide them in Jacob
8 “Judah, hyour brothers shall praise you;
iyour hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
jyour father's sons shall bow down before you.
9 Judah is ka lion's cub;
lHe stooped down; he crouched as a lion
10 The mscepter shall not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler's staff nfrom between his feet,
until tribute comes to him;1
12 His oeyes are darker than wine,
14 r“Issachar is a strong donkey,
crouching between the sheepfolds.2
and sbecame a servant at forced labor.
17 Dan vshall be a serpent in the way,
18 I wwait for your salvation, O Lord.
20 z“Asher's food shall be rich,
21 a“Naphtali is a doe let loose
that bears beautiful fawns.4
22 “Joseph is ba fruitful bough,
his branches run over the wall.5
23 The archers cbitterly attacked him,
24 yet dhis bow remained unmoved;
his arms6 were made agile
by the hands of the eMighty One of Jacob
25 hby the God of your father who will help you,
May they be lon the head of Joseph,
27 m“Benjamin is a ravenous wolf,
and at evening ndividing the spoil.”
28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel. This is what their father said to them as he blessed them, blessing each with the blessing suitable to him. 29 Then he commanded them and said to them, “I am to be ogathered to my people; pbury me with my fathers qin the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 in the cave that is in the field at Machpelah, to the east of Mamre, in the land of Canaan, rwhich Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite to possess as a burying place. 31 sThere they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife. There tthey buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah—32 the field and the cave that is in it were bought from the Hittites.” 33 When Jacob finished commanding his sons, he drew up his feet into the bed and breathed his last and uwas gathered to his people.
 49:10 By a slight revocalization; a slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint, Syriac, Targum) until he comes to whom it belongs; Hebrew until Shiloh comes, or until he comes to Shiloh
 49:14 Or between its saddlebags
 49:19 Gad sounds like the Hebrew for raiders and raid
 49:21 Or he gives beautiful words, or that bears fawns of the fold
 49:22 Or Joseph is a wild donkey, a wild donkey beside a spring, his wild colts beside the wall
 49:24 Hebrew the arms of his hands
 49:24 Or by the name of the Shepherd
 49:25 Hebrew Shaddai
 49:26 A slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint) the blessings of the eternal mountains, the bounties of the everlasting hills